Chattanooga's City Beautiful Club, founded in 1914, derived its membership from local women's groups. Though its name might conjure up the image of "ladies" planting flowers on public grounds, the club coordinated serious efforts to improve Chattanooga's public safety, health and sanitation. From April 4-18, 1914, it coordinated a "Clean Up and Paint Up" campaign which was well documented by in the News. Committees investigated Chattanooga's twelve police wards for violations of the city's sanitation ordinances and reported problems ranging from unpainted tenements to an "unsafe pesthouse." (4/9/14:10). The Police Department put violators on notice to correct problems or suffer fines.

The conditions of bakeries drew special concern. A woman's page editorial titled "A Second Jungle" (4/15/14:6) observed that the City Beautiful's report read like "another version of Upton Sinclair's book." However, the nonpartisan club hesitated to urge political action. An article headlined "No Drastic Action Against Bakeshops" relates:

While many unfavorable criticisms of local bakeries were spoken in the round table discussion of the City Beautiful club at the courthouse Tuesday, it was not the decision of that body to take up an investigation with a view of revolutionizing things. According to Mrs. J. H. Daly [general chairman of the City Beautiful], who was interviewed this morning, the club will continue its work in the clean-up line in the accustomed quiet and conversative way. (4/15/14:6)