The White Pigeon espouses the view of Spencer, who favored political equality for women only as a means of furthering what he called "domestic evolution." In Principles of Sociology Spencer declares that "any extensive change in the education of women, made with a view of fitting them for businesses and professions, would be mischievous. If women comprehended all that is contained in the domestic sphere . . . [i]f they could see everything which is implied in the right education of children, to a full conception of which no man has yet risen, much less any woman, they would seek no higher function" (769). While the present FSC concurs with Spencer on the primacy of mothers as perpetuators of human social evolution, it clearly takes issue with his reactionary attitude toward women's roles beyond the "domestic sphere."