Clausen reports that "[f]or centuries the leader was called the "King Bee," because ancient authors had noticed that in the hive there was always one noticeably larger and differently shaped bee; it was not until 1609 that the King Bee was determined to be a QueenBee" (91). The relative isolation and lack of education may explain why this belief was retained in the Southern Appalachians. Actually, a single queen of the Common Honey-Bee (Apis mellifera) hive mates with a number of male drones during a reproductive cycle. Once she has been impregnated, she lays up to 1500 eggs per day. The workers, which can number 30,000 in the average hive, are females who perform duties such as building combs, foraging for nectar and pollen, nursing larvae and guarding the hive.